MySQL 5.7: initial flushing analysis and why Performance Schema data is incomplete

Performance Schema data is incomplete

In this post, we’ll examine why in an initial flushing analysis we find that Performance Schema data is incomplete.

Having shown the performance impact of Percona Server 5.7 patches, we can now discuss their technical reasoning and details. Let’s revisit the MySQL 5.7.11 performance schema synch wait graph from the previous post, for the case of unlimited InnoDB concurrency:

 Performance Schema data is incomplete

First of all, this graph is a little “nicer” than reality, which limits its diagnostic value. There are two reasons for this. The first one is that page cleaner worker threads are invisible to Performance Schema (see bug 79894). This alone limits PFS value in 5.7 if, for example, one tries to select only the events in the page cleaner threads or monitors low concurrency where the cleaner thread count is non-negligible part of the total threads.

To understand the second reason, let’s look into PMP for the same setting. Note that selected intermediate stack frames were removed for clarity, especially in the InnoDB mutex implementation.

660 pthread_cond_wait,enter(ib0mutex.h:850),buf_dblwr_write_single_page(ib0mutex.h:850),buf_flush_write_block_low(buf0flu.cc:1096),buf_flush_page(buf0flu.cc:1096),buf_flush_single_page_from_LRU(buf0flu.cc:2217),buf_LRU_get_free_block(buf0lru.cc:1401),...
631 pthread_cond_wait,buf_dblwr_write_single_page(buf0dblwr.cc:1213),buf_flush_write_block_low(buf0flu.cc:1096),buf_flush_page(buf0flu.cc:1096),buf_flush_single_page_from_LRU(buf0flu.cc:2217),buf_LRU_get_free_block(buf0lru.cc:1401),...
337 pthread_cond_wait,PolicyMutex<TTASEventMutex<GenericPolicy>(ut0mutex.ic:89),get_next_redo_rseg(trx0trx.cc:1185),trx_assign_rseg_low(trx0trx.cc:1278),trx_set_rw_mode(trx0trx.cc:1278),lock_table(lock0lock.cc:4076),...
324 libaio::??(libaio.so.1),LinuxAIOHandler::collect(os0file.cc:2448),LinuxAIOHandler::poll(os0file.cc:2594),...
241 pthread_cond_wait,PolicyMutex<TTASEventMutex<GenericPolicy>(ut0mutex.ic:89),trx_write_serialisation_history(trx0trx.cc:1578),trx_commit_low(trx0trx.cc:2135),...
147 pthread_cond_wait,enter(ib0mutex.h:850),trx_undo_assign_undo(ib0mutex.h:850),trx_undo_report_row_operation(trx0rec.cc:1918),...
112 pthread_cod_wait,mtr_t::s_lock(sync0rw.ic:433),btr_cur_search_to_nth_level(btr0cur.cc:1008),...
83 poll(libc.so.6),Protocol_classic::get_command(protocol_classic.cc:965),do_command(sql_parse.cc:935),handle_connection(connection_handler_per_thread.cc:301),...
64 pthread_cond_wait,Per_thread_connection_handler::block_until_new_connection(thr_cond.h:136),...

The top wait in both PMP and the graph is the 660 samples of enter mutex in

buf_dblwr_write_single_pages
, which is the doublewrite mutex. Now try to find the nearly as hot 631 samples of event wait in
buf_dblwr_write_single_page
 in the PFS output. You won’t find it because InnoDB OS event waits are not annotated in Performance Schema. In most cases this is correct, as OS event waits tend to be used when there is no work to do. The thread waits for work to appear, or for time to pass. But in the report above, the waiting thread is blocked from proceeding with useful work (see bug 80979).

Now that we’ve shown the two reasons why PFS data is not telling the whole server story, let’s take PMP data instead and consider how to proceed. Those top two PMP waits suggest 1) the server is performing a lot of single page flushes, and 2) those single page flushes have their concurrency limited by the eight doublewrite single-page flush slots available, and that the wait for a free slot to appear is significant.

Two options become apparent at this point: either make the single-page flush doublewrite more parallel or reduce the single-page flushing in the first place. We’re big fans of the latter option since version 5.6 performance work, where we configured Percona Server to not perform single-page flushes at all by introducing the innodb_empty_free_list_algorithm option, with the “backoff” default.

The next post in the series will describe how we removed single-page flushing in 5.7.

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