tab$恢复错误汇总

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标题:tab$恢复错误汇总

作者:惜分飞©版权所有[未经本人同意,不得以任何形式转载,否则有进一步追究法律责任的权利.]

在以前多以前发现的tab$被恶意脚本删除的问题(ORA-600 16703故障解析—tab$表被清空,警告:互联网中有oracle介质被注入恶意程序导致—ORA-600 16703),虽然多次强调注意Oracle安装介质安全,但是很不幸,还是大量客户中招.我们这一年多对于tab$的故障进行了大量case处理,拯救了大量客户的核心数据,也积累了一些常见的可能遭遇的错误.主要恢复思路是使用bbed处理异常block,让数据库open起来.
ORA-00704 ORA-39700
有核心基表处理异常导致

SQL> alter database open;
alter database open
*
ERROR at line 1:
ORA-01092: ORACLE instance terminated. Disconnection forced
ORA-00704: bootstrap process failure
ORA-39700: database must be opened with UPGRADE option
Process ID: 1603
Session ID: 1 Serial number: 5

Sun Jan 06 21:30:14 2019
SMON: enabling cache recovery
Errors in file /u01/app/oracle/diag/rdbms/orcl/orcl/trace/orcl_ora_1603.trc:
ORA-00704: bootstrap process failure
ORA-39700: database must be opened with UPGRADE option
Errors in file /u01/app/oracle/diag/rdbms/orcl/orcl/trace/orcl_ora_1603.trc:
ORA-00704: bootstrap process failure
ORA-39700: database must be opened with UPGRADE option
Error 704 happened during db open, shutting down database
USER (ospid: 1603): terminating the instance due to error 704
Instance terminated by USER, pid = 1603
ORA-1092 signalled during: alter database open...
opiodr aborting process unknown ospid (1603) as a result of ORA-1092
Sun Jan 06 21:30:14 2019
ORA-1092 : opitsk aborting process

ora-704 ora-604 ora-01555
由于scn异常导致

SQL> alter database open upgrade;
alter database open upgrade
*
ERROR at line 1:
ORA-01092: ORACLE instance terminated. Disconnection forced
ORA-00704: bootstrap process failure
ORA-00704: bootstrap process failure
ORA-00604: error occurred at recursive SQL level 1
ORA-01555: snapshot too old: rollback segment number 2 with name
"_SYSSMU2_2996391332$" too small
Process ID: 26520
Session ID: 1 Serial number: 5

Sun Jan 06 19:49:12 2019
SMON: enabling cache recovery
ORA-01555 caused by SQL statement below (SQL ID: bqbdby3c400p7, SCN: 0x0022.1117ef75):
select rowcnt,blkcnt,empcnt,avgspc,chncnt,avgrln,nvl(degree,1), nvl(instances,1) from tab$ where obj# = :1
Errors in file /u01/app/oracle/diag/rdbms/orcl/orcl/trace/orcl_ora_26520.trc:
ORA-00704: bootstrap process failure
ORA-00704: bootstrap process failure
ORA-00604: error occurred at recursive SQL level 1
ORA-01555: snapshot too old: rollback segment number 2 with name "_SYSSMU2_2996391332$" too small
Errors in file /u01/app/oracle/diag/rdbms/orcl/orcl/trace/orcl_ora_26520.trc:
ORA-00704: bootstrap process failure
ORA-00704: bootstrap process failure
ORA-00604: error occurred at recursive SQL level 1
ORA-01555: snapshot too old: rollback segment number 2 with name "_SYSSMU2_2996391332$" too small
Error 704 happened during db open, shutting down database
USER (ospid: 26520): terminating the instance due to error 704
Instance terminated by USER, pid = 26520
ORA-1092 signalled during: alter database open upgrade...
opiodr aborting process unknown ospid (26520) as a result of ORA-1092

ORA-600 13304
有核心基表处理异常导致

SQL> startup mount;
ORACLE instance started.

Total System Global Area  521936896 bytes
Fixed Size                  2254824 bytes
Variable Size             352323608 bytes
Database Buffers          163577856 bytes
Redo Buffers                3780608 bytes
Database mounted.
SQL> alter database open upgrade;
alter database open upgrade
*
ERROR at line 1:
ORA-01092: ORACLE instance terminated. Disconnection forced
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [13304], [], [], [], [], [], [], [],
[], [], [], []
Process ID: 1724
Session ID: 1 Serial number: 5

Successful open of redo thread 1
MTTR advisory is disabled because FAST_START_MTTR_TARGET is not set
Sun Jan 06 21:31:04 2019
SMON: enabling cache recovery
[1724] Successfully onlined Undo Tablespace 2.
Undo initialization finished serial:0 start:2239884804 end:2239884864 diff:60 (0 seconds)
Verifying file header compatibility for 11g tablespace encryption..
Verifying 11g file header compatibility for tablespace encryption completed
SMON: enabling tx recovery
Database Characterset is ZHS16GBK
Errors in file /u01/app/oracle/diag/rdbms/orcl/orcl/trace/orcl_ora_1724.trc  (incident=61755):
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [13304], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
Incident details in: /u01/app/oracle/diag/rdbms/orcl/orcl/incident/incdir_61755/orcl_ora_1724_i61755.trc
Use ADRCI or Support Workbench to package the incident.
See Note 411.1 at My Oracle Support for error and packaging details.
Errors in file /u01/app/oracle/diag/rdbms/orcl/orcl/trace/orcl_ora_1724.trc:
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [13304], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
Errors in file /u01/app/oracle/diag/rdbms/orcl/orcl/trace/orcl_ora_1724.trc:
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [13304], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
Error 600 happened during db open, shutting down database
USER (ospid: 1724): terminating the instance due to error 600
Instance terminated by USER, pid = 1724
ORA-1092 signalled during: alter database open upgrade...
opiodr aborting process unknown ospid (1724) as a result of ORA-1092
Sun Jan 06 21:31:06 2019
ORA-1092 : opitsk aborting process

ORA-00704 ORA-600 kdBlkCheckError
恢复的block有逻辑坏块

SQL> startup         
ORACLE instance started.

Total System Global Area 3056513024 bytes
Fixed Size                  2257152 bytes
Variable Size             704646912 bytes
Database Buffers         2332033024 bytes
Redo Buffers               17575936 bytes
Database mounted.
ORA-01092: ORACLE instance terminated. Disconnection forced
ORA-00704: bootstrap process failure
ORA-00704: bootstrap process failure
ORA-00604: error occurred at recursive SQL level 1
ORA-00607: Internal error occurred while making a change to a data block
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [kdBlkCheckError], [1], [31497],
[6121], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
Process ID: 76932
Session ID: 191 Serial number: 3

Successful open of redo thread 1
MTTR advisory is disabled because FAST_START_MTTR_TARGET is not set
SMON: enabling cache recovery
Errors in file /u01/app/oracle/diag/rdbms/xifenfei/xifenfei/trace/xifenfei_ora_76932.trc  (incident=6153):
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [kdBlkCheckError], [1], [31497], [6121], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
Incident details in: /u01/app/oracle/diag/rdbms/xifenfei/xifenfei/incident/incdir_6153/xifenfei_ora_76932_i6153.trc
Use ADRCI or Support Workbench to package the incident.
See Note 411.1 at My Oracle Support for error and packaging details.
Errors in file /u01/app/oracle/diag/rdbms/xifenfei/xifenfei/trace/xifenfei_ora_76932.trc:
ORA-00704: bootstrap process failure
ORA-00704: bootstrap process failure
ORA-00604: error occurred at recursive SQL level 1
ORA-00607: Internal error occurred while making a change to a data block
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [kdBlkCheckError], [1], [31497], [6121], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
Errors in file /u01/app/oracle/diag/rdbms/xifenfei/xifenfei/trace/xifenfei_ora_76932.trc:
ORA-00704: bootstrap process failure
ORA-00704: bootstrap process failure
ORA-00604: error occurred at recursive SQL level 1
ORA-00607: Internal error occurred while making a change to a data block
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [kdBlkCheckError], [1], [31497], [6121], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
Error 704 happened during db open, shutting down database
USER (ospid: 76932): terminating the instance due to error 704
Instance terminated by USER, pid = 76932
ORA-1092 signalled during: ALTER DATABASE OPEN...
opiodr aborting process unknown ospid (76932) as a result of ORA-1092
Sat Feb 22 11:04:19 2014
ORA-1092 : opitsk aborting process

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